To still the mind and attain greater focus is one of the main goals of meditation. These practices enable us to travel to the core of our consciousness to find emotional and mental clarity. Generally, man is unable to attain this level of stillness at an ordinary level of attentiveness. Meditation can be performed in silence or with chanting or repeating a mantra or gazing upon a mandala.
The Bhagavad-Gita, a long poem that gives much attention to meditation, was written in India in the 5th century BCE. It states-
The wind turns a ship
From its course upon the waters:
The wandering winds of the senses
Cast man’s mind adrift
And turn his better judgment from its courses.
When a man can still his senses
I call him illuminated.